Who Suffers the Most During the COVID-19 Pandemic? Evidence from Thailand
This study investigates Thailand’s recent labor market disruption induced by the COVID-19 pandemic. We found that the impact varied across demographic groups. Workers that are the most adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic are (1) in high-risk sectors, (2) less-educated, (3) youth worker, and (4) parents. Our empirical results show that the unemployment rate is positively related to sectorial risk levels and marital status: married and public sector employees are less likely to be unemployed. Further, less occupational flexibility decreases wages, and this effect is stronger for women. Parenthood negatively affects wages, and its effect is larger for women.